Some new agreements will not be in force until the UK leaves the EU. Trade will then take place under the terms of the World Trade Organization (WTO). The new political declaration sets out the framework for future relations between the European Union and the United Kingdom and reflects the Government`s desire to conclude an ambitious, comprehensive, deep and flexible partnership on trade and economic cooperation with the EU, with a free trade agreement with the EU, in addition to security agreements and other areas of cooperation. EU free trade agreements in which the UK is currently participating. The United Kingdom has stated that it does not want an extension. The option of an extension was included in the withdrawal agreement. The UK and the EU have had until 1 July 2020 to agree on a possible extension. On 19 October, a statement was also made to Parliament that a political agreement had been reached. The British Parliament decides that a further extension of the Date of Brexit is necessary because it first wants to examine the corresponding laws before deciding on the withdrawal agreement. The UK government is then asking the EU to postpone the date of Brexit to 31 January 2020. The 2019 revisions also adapted elements of the political declaration and replaced the word “appropriate” with “appropriate” with respect to labour standards.
According to Sam Lowe, a trade fellow at the Centre for European Reform, the amendment excludes labour standards from dispute resolution mechanisms.  In addition, the Equal Competition Mechanism has been postponed from the legally binding withdrawal agreement to the political declaration, and the line of the political statement that “the United Kingdom will consider taking into account alignment with trade union rules in the relevant areas” has been removed.  The EU-27 (with the exception of the United Kingdom) notes that sufficient progress has been made in Phase 1. This means that phase 2 of the negotiations can begin. In Phase 2, the EU and the UK continue to negotiate the withdrawal agreement. But they are also beginning to discuss a transition period and explore their future relationship. The EU and the UK reach an interim agreement. It includes a transition period until 31 December 2020, during which all EU rules will continue to apply. It also covers the border between Ireland and Northern Ireland.